Employment Laws and How They Affect You
When it comes to employment laws and who actually is affected by them, we need to start at the very beginning and that’s with the standard wages. There is something called FLSA which is short for Fair Labor Standards Act. What this act basically does it allow a universal standard on wages across the country. So everyone is actually getting paid the same minimum wage standard unless you are in an industry which allows for tipping or commission then they can set a lower than average minimum wage standard. Those people who are except from minimum wage or hourly wage are those who are on Salary wages. These people actually make a specific set of money each week, bi-week or month no matter how many hours they work.
Then you’ve got employment safety standards. Everyone who works deserves to have a safe and unhazardous work place. OSHA is who takes care of this for all work places by setting the very standards that every place of employment has to adhere to and also setting up inspections to make sure that all companies are actually following the rules set in place for them. It isn’t just job safety either it’s also health standards which spread across all fields of employment and industry. Make sure this is detailed on any career application forms you might sign.
With the OSHA standard they make sure that whomever you work for has to give them access to medical and exposure records for everyone that works for their company. Also they have to provide personal protective equipment with examples being helmets in case of head injuries, or goggles to prevent eye injury, back braces so you maintain proper posture and so on. Also the person working for the company has the right to actually file a complaint with OSHA as well. This happened recently in a dispute over a Kmart application.
Next is called the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) what this does is maintains a standard by the employment facility that you will provide a specific amount of money each paycheck into an account and that once you’ve retired you are entitled to this money without exception as long as you’ve reached the company standard for receiving this money. All employers are by law supposed to be able to provide documentation so that ERISA can conduct inquiries and make sure that all companies are in compliance of these laws.
There are many other standards in an employment setting which allows people to be safe and secure from both retaliation for whistleblowing, notices for mass layoffs or plants closure, Who is in control of their unions and elected officials within the unions and also reemployment rights for Uniformed Service Members as well. Also another thing that the government has set up is that no private work places may use lie detector tests. They cannot use them to determine employment status before actually having the job, they can’t use them during employment and they surely cannot use them during or after the termination or lay off process either. In private sectors they can be used though in cases of work place incidence like stealing of money or theft of information, product, and knowledge.
In all cases of these rights the employment facility has to keep notices on their premises at all times for them to be adhered to. Those things are checked into and if your employer doesn’t have all the right paper work hanging on a wall somewhere it is something that needs to be reported because everyone deserves to have a safe place to work in. Safety standards have come a very long way over the last 50 years and it’s just getting better with each and every year that goes by.